Last week, if you forgot (and you probably did, let’s be honest), we talked about how nuclear energy works. Yanno, nuclear fission and all that. Hopefully you retained at least 25% of that information, because we’re now going to talk about the various pros and cons of nuclear power and why it is such a controversy.
What makes nuclear power interesting is that, unlike many other energy types, the opposing sides can’t be described as “environmentalist” and “non-environmentalist”. Unlike, say, coal, which environmentalists oppose and non-environmentalists support, or wind power, which environmentalists support and non-environmentalists oppose, nuclear power is supported and opposed by both environmentalists and non-environmentalists. The reason for this is simple – many people cannot decided whether or not nuclear power is environmentally friendly or not.
Basically, nuclear power just works -different- than most other kinds of energy. One major benefit of it is that its carbon emissions are much lower than that of many other types of energy production, such as coal. Theoretically, a perfectly run nuclear power plant would be a much cleaner alternative to other widely used types of energy production plants. The main problem is what happens when a nuclear power plant -doesn’t- work perfectly. Nuclear power plants produce large amounts of radioactive waste which, if not disposed of properly, can cause serious health and environmental issues. If the nuclear power plant itself becomes damaged (such as with Chernobyl), then it can cause the surrounding area to become dangerously radioactive for miles.
A perfectly run nuclear power plant will have very few issues or drawbacks. Radioactive waste can be disposed of and stored safely (and sometimes even reused), and carbon emissions can be kept very low. The problem is that mistakes and accidents can happen. Modern nuclear power plants have a lot of safety measures that pretty much negate the chance of a nuclear meltdown from human error, but there is little people can do to protect a plant from things like natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Nuclear power is high-risk, high-reward. It all comes down to whether or not people are willing to take that risk.